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The Bachelor ist eine amerikanische Dating- und Beziehungs-Reality-Fernsehserie, die am März auf ABC debütierte. Die Show wird von Chris Harrison moderiert. Skandal beim US-Bachelor:Der dortige Rosenkavalier Peter Weber hat kurz nach dem Finale mit der Gewinnerin Schluss gemacht - für die. Die Macher der US-amerikanischen Show "Der Bachelor" gaben gerade nach 24 Staffeln eine große Premiere bekannt: Der Junggeselle für. In Amerika läuft die Kuppelsendung "Der Bachelor" bereits seit 24 Staffeln. Nun wird erstmals ein afroamerikanischer Mann als Junggeselle auf. Er hat 30 Kandidatinnen zur Auswahl. Doch der Bachelor aus den USA, Peter Weber, verliebte sich in eine Produktionsmitarbeiterin.
Der Bachelor - ein Jungeselle, der es eigentlich nicht sein müsste, sucht im TV seine große Liebe, Witzig: US-Bachelor gibt sein erstes Interview in Unterhose. Zuerst der Schock beim deutschen Bachelor, jetzt der Skandal beim US-Bachelor. Was genau vorgefallen ist? Wir klären euch auf. "Ich glaube, es gibt nie den falschen Moment, um das Richtige zu tun": Matt James ist der erste Schwarze als "Bachelor" in den USA. Foto: ABC.
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The system draws on both British and American models. The main degrees are named by British tradition Arts, Science, Law, etc. In Kenya, university education is supported by the government,.
For most degree programs, a research project and an internship period after which a report is written by the student is a must before the student is allowed to graduate.
In , a number of select colleges were upgraded to university status in a bid to increase the intake of students into degree programs.
The course of study takes three years, which are further divided into two cycles. The first cycle comprises the first, or propaedeutic, year.
University admission is extremely competitive, with attendant advantages and disadvantages. Nonetheless, it takes four to five years to complete a bachelor's degree.
In cases of poor performance, the time limit is double the standard amount of time. For example, one may not study for more than 10 years for a five-year course.
Students are normally asked to leave if they must take longer. Science undergraduate degrees may require six months or a semester dedicated to SIWES Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme but it is usually mandatory for all engineering degrees.
The classifications of degrees: first-class, second-class upper and lower , third-class with honours; i. First- and second-class graduates are immediately eligible for advanced postgraduate degrees i.
Furthermore, all graduating students are obliged to do the National Youth Service Corps NYSC requirement, which usually takes one year, after which they are eligible to pursue higher degrees.
The NYSC is a paramilitary service that involves students' being posted to different parts of the country to serve in various capacities.
Principal objectives of the NYSC are to forge national cohesion, encourage students to apply their obtained knowledge to solving problems of rural Nigeria, and others.
Polytechnical schools polytechnics in Nigeria are not considered universities. They are mandated to educate technicians of high calibre; they offer the OND ordinary national diploma and the HND higher national diploma.
The polytechnics focus very strongly on practical technical training. The BSc and HND are compared in engineering circles, but there are significant differences in training philosophies.
Honours degrees in Nigeria are differentiated only on the basis of performance. Honours degrees include the first-class degree, second-class degrees upper and lower and the third-class degree, but not the pass.
All university students must do an independent research project which applies the knowledge obtained during the previous years of study.
The project work must be submitted in the semester before graduation and usually takes a significant number of points. Further course work is not precluded during the project work, but the courses are fewer and are at an advanced level.
Project work is orally defended before the faculty and before peers. In the sciences and engineering a demonstration of the project is usually required.
The exceptions are theoretical work. In South Africa, an honours degree is an additional postgraduate qualification in the same area as the undergraduate major, and requires at least one further year of study as well as a research report.
Most universities in Tunisia offer the 3-year bachelor's degree, except some fields, which are Medicine, Pharmacy, Engineering, Architecture and Bachelor of Science in Business Administration, solely offered by Tunis Business School and lasts 4 years.
Usually the region presents associates, bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and postdoctoral degrees. In Brazil, a bachelor's degree takes from three years to six years to complete depending on the course load and the program.
A bachelor's degree is the title sought by Brazilians in order to be a professional in a certain area of human knowledge.
Master's and doctoral degrees are additional degrees for those seeking an academic career or a specific understanding of a field.
Even without a formal adhesion to the Bologna system, a Brazilian "bachelor's" would correspond to a European "first cycle. Depending on programs and personal choices, Europeans can achieve a master's degree in as little as four years a three-year bachelor's and a one-year master's and as long as six years a four-year bachelor's, a two-year master's of higher education.
Education in Canada is governed independently by each province and territory, however a common framework for degrees was agreed by the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada in This adopted descriptors for bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees that were deliberately similar to those defined by the Bologna Process.
Under the framework, four general forms of bachelor's degree are defined: general programs providing a broad education and preparing graduates for graduate-entry professional programs or employment generally; in-depth academic programs in a specific subject that prepare graduates for postgraduate study in the field or employment generally; applied programs that concentrate on a mastery of practice rather than knowledge; and professional programs, often but not exclusively graduate-entry, that prepare graduates to practice as professionals in a specific field.
This last category included graduate-entry degrees titled as if they were doctorates, such as MD, JD and DDS degrees — despite their names, these are considered bachelor's degrees.
Bachelor's degrees may take either three or four years to complete and are awarded by colleges and universities. In many universities and colleges bachelor's degrees are differentiated either as bachelor's or as honours bachelor's degrees.
The term "honours" is an academic distinction, which indicates that students must achieve their bachelor's degree with a sufficiently high overall grade point average; in addition, some programs may require more education than non-honours programs.
The honours degrees are sometimes designated with the abbreviation in brackets of ' Hon s '. The program requires at least 4 years of studies, with strong emphasis on the research-based Honours Seminar Thesis which is considered approximately equivalent to a formal master's thesis.
Universities show the academic degree as well as the possible honours distinction Latin honors on the Diploma e. In Quebec, students have to go through a minimum of two years of college before entering, for example, a three-year Bachelor of Science BSc or a four-year Bachelor of Engineering BEng program.
As a consequence, there is no de jure "honours degree" although some universities market some of their programs as being de facto honours degrees in their English-language materials, [ citation needed ] but there are some specializations called "concentrations" in French, which are mostly taken as optional courses.
In the province of Ontario, the vast majority of bachelor's degrees offered by Ontario universities are academic in nature. On the other hand, Ontario provincial legislation requires bachelor's degrees offered by Ontario colleges to be applied and vocationally-focused.
In Colombia, secondary school has two milestones, in 9th and 11th grades. After completing the first 4 years of secondary school 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th grades , a student is considered to have completed the basic secondary school while after completed the last two years 10th and 11th grades is considered to have completed "bachillerato" or high school diploma.
After graduating from high-school, hopeful students must take a nationwide exam that determines their eligibility to apply for their desired program, depending on the score the student achieves on the exam.
In Colombia, the system of academic degrees is similar to the US model. After completing their "bachillerato" high school , students can take one of three options.
The first one is called a "profesional" professional career , which is similar to a bachelor's degree requiring from four to six years of study according to the chosen program.
However, strictly-career-related subjects are taken from the very beginning unlike US where focused career-related subjects usually are part of the curriculum from the third year.
A technical school gives to the student, after a program of two years, an undergraduate degree in areas like software development, networks and IT, accountancy, nursing and other areas of health services, mechanics, electricity and technic-like areas.
Universities offer graduate degrees in ICFES endorsed programs like medicine, engineering, laws, accountancy, business management and other professional areas.
A typical undergraduate program usually takes 10 or 11 semesters and some i. A student who has obtained an undergraduate degree can opt to continue studying a career after completing their undergraduate degree by continuing onto master's and doctorate degrees.
They can also choose to a specialization in certain fields of study by doing an extra year. Bachelor's degrees may take an average of five years from four to five years to complete depending on the course load and the program and they are awarded by colleges and universities.
Medicine is from 6 to 7 years. Each college has its own curriculum and requirements with an emphasis of their choice, governed independently by each state of the republic.
After finishing all the subjects the student require a final work, which means the completion of particular honours seminars, research and development or a written thesis in a particular field.
Mexico's regulations established as an obligation in order to receive their license and title the fulfillment of a "social service" to the nation usually for those who finished their studies in a public institution as a remuneration to society in the form of social actions, the benefits, as students, were received during training.
This requirement takes about six months to one year depending on the type of degree. Bachelor's degree should not be falsely related with its Spanish cognate "bachiller", which designate a prerequisite for matriculate in a career or bachelor studies.
The official name for a bachelor's degree in Mexico is "licenciado" and such studies are referred as "licenciatura". Bachelor's degrees in the United States are typically designed to be completed in four years of full-time study, although some programs such as engineering or architecture  usually take five, and some universities and colleges allow ambitious students usually with the help of summer school, who are taking many classes each semester or who have existing credit from high school Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate course exams to complete them in as little as three years.
Some US colleges and universities have a separate academic track known as an "honors" or "scholars" program, generally offered to the top percentile of students based on GPA , that offers more challenging courses or more individually directed seminars or research projects instead or in addition to the standard core curriculum.
Those students are awarded the same bachelor's degree as students completing the standard curriculum but with the notation in cursu honorum on the transcript and the diploma.
Usually, the above Latin honors are separate from the notation for this honors course, but a student in the honours course generally must maintain grades worthy of at least the cum laude notation anyway.
If the student has completed the requirements for an honors degree only in a particular discipline e. In this case, the degree candidate will complete the normal curriculum for all subjects except the selected discipline "English," in the preceding example.
The requirements in either case usually require completion of particular honors seminars, independent research at a level higher than usually required often with greater personal supervision by faculty than usual , and a written honors thesis in the major subject.
Requirements for such notations of honors generally include minimum grade point averages GPA , with the highest average required for the summa distinction or maxima , when that distinction is present.
In the case of some schools, such as Bates College , Carleton College , Colby College , Middlebury College , Guilford College , Franklin College Switzerland , and larger universities like the University of Virginia , Princeton University , North Carolina State University , University of Massachusetts Amherst , a senior thesis for degrees in the humanities or laboratory research for natural science and sometimes social science degrees is also required.
In Bangladesh, universities and colleges award three- and four-year degrees three-year degrees courses are called pass courses and four-year degree courses are called honours courses in science and business BSc, BBS, BBA, four-year and three months [ clarification needed ] , etc.
Engineering universities provide four-year degree programs for bachelor's degree courses of study BSc in Eng and BSc. In law education there is a two-year LLB degree after completing three years in a BA program for a total of five years of study.
There is also a four-year LLB honours degree. The Bachelor of Architecture BArch and Bachelor of Pharmacy BPharm are professional degrees awarded to students who complete a five-year course of study in the field at some universities.
All of these programs begin after achieving the Higher Secondary Certificate HSC — in total 12 years of school education. Since the undergraduate education system in China is modelled after its American counterpart, all the degrees are adapted from those of the United States excepting the release of the degree certificate.
In order to get the degree, a student must finish and pass the dissertation stage; only then will he or she be awarded a degree credentialed by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China.
Four years of education is the standard length, although some private small colleges not credentialed by the Ministry of Education do offer three-year programs.
The colonial link and the establishment of the University of the South Pacific in allowed the education system to follow suit from the qualification system of the Commonwealth.
University of the South Pacific is the only university in the Oceania region to be internationally recognized outside Australia and New Zealand with its bachelor's and other awards program.
It is also the highest ranked in the university ranking in the island region and also ranked above some Australian universities like the University of Canberra , University of Sunshine Coast and New Zealand universities like Lincoln University and Waikato Institute of Technology.
Most of the Science, Commerce, and Arts degrees are honours degrees with electives chosen by the student.
For the academic grading system in India, see academic grading in India. In Indonesia, most of the current bachelor's degrees are domain-specific degrees.
Therefore, there are more than 20 bachelor's degrees. In Iran, students can study different undergraduate or postgraduate courses leading to a BSc or an MSc that is recognised and equivalent to similar qualifications given in other countries.
There are basically two major type of universities in Iran, public universities and non-public universities. Most of non-public universities in Iran are part of Islamic Azad University, which have branches in all cities through Iran.
In Iran, the public universities have considerably higher standing than the non-public ones and getting an admittance to one of them is more difficult.
Students can also provide four years of education leading to a BSc. Since the undergraduate education system in Jordan is modeled after its American counterpart, all the degrees are adapted from those of the United States excepting the release of the degree certificate.
In order to get the degree, a student must finish and pass the dissertation stage; only then will he or she be awarded a degree credentialed by the Ministry of Higher Education of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
Four years of education is the standard length. Institutes of higher learning in Malaysia provide three or four years of education leading to a BSc Hons Degree.
The standards of categorization is almost consistent among Malaysian Universities. Candidates who excel in their academic results will be awarded a First Class Bachelor Hons Degree usually 3.
BSc and BBSc have recently turned into four-year programs from three-year programs. In Nepal, Tribhuvan University as an oldest and biggest University based on number of student and academic department, Kathmandu University , Purbanchal University , Pokhara University , Nepal Sanskrit University and other new regional universities are operating currently.
MBA and BBA from all universities are examined under the system of percentage and GPA, and traditional university courses are accessed on division base like pass division, second division, first division and distinction.
In Nepal, there is no top up, honours and exchange or related tie up degree courses authorized and practiced by Nepalese Government and other educational institutions, but today, affiliation with foreign universities, online and distance learning are popular with the young modern working population.
For admission in a university, a compulsory admission test given by the respective university is to be passed by a student in order to get placement in an affiliated college of that university for the specific subject category.
In the test, a separate quota is also awarded for females and disadvantaged groups to create diversity and equality. Generally these programs are of four years duration as elsewhere in the world and begin after completing higher secondary school education by receiving a Higher Secondary School Certificate HSSC acknowledging one's twelve years of study by the respective board.
After successful completion of these programs, a bachelor's degree is awarded by the respective university. The Bachelor of Architecture BArch degree program is of five years' duration.
In the Philippines, where the term "course" is commonly used to refer to a bachelor's degree major, course of study or program, several undergraduate categories exist—the two most common degrees awarded being Bachelor of Science BSc and Bachelor of Arts BA or AB.
Specializations "majors" in economics, business administration, social work, agriculture, nursing, accountancy, architecture and engineering are offered as BS degrees in most colleges and universities.
The latter three specializations require five years of schooling, in contrast to the standard of four years. Being patterned after the United States, all universities and colleges offer graduation with honours — cum laude , magna cum laude , and summa cum laude.
Even if he or she does not go to an institution of higher learning, a person can get a bachelor's degree through the Bachelor's Degree Examination for Self-Education.
Recognised institutes of higher learning only are authorised to award degrees in Sri Lanka. Three years full-time bachelor's degree without an area of specialization is known as a general degree.
A degree with a specialization in accounting, chemistry, plant biotechnology, zoology, physics, engineering, IT, law, etc. A degree in medicine, an MBBSc, requires a minimum of six years.
Bachelor's degrees exist in almost every country in Europe. However, these degrees were only recently introduced in some Continental European countries, where bachelor's degrees were unknown before the Bologna process.
Some countries like France calls it Licence. Undergraduate programs in Europe overall lead to the following most widely accepted degrees:.
Also, associate degrees are rising in popularity on the undergraduate level in Europe. On a per-country, per-discipline and sometimes even per-institute basis, the duration of an undergraduate degree program is typically three or four years, but can range anywhere from three to six years.
This is an important factor in the student's decision-making process. The historical situation in Austria was very similar to that in Germany, with the traditional first degrees being the magister and the diplom , which are master's-level qualifications.
From , bachelor's degrees have been reintroduced as part of the Bologna Process reforms. These can be studied at universities, leading to a bachelor's degree BA or BSc after three or four years, and at Fachhochschulen universities of applied science , leading to a bachelor FH after three years.
Education in Belgium is run by the language communities, with separate higher education systems being administered by the Flemish Community and the French Community.
Both systems have been reformed to align with the Bologna Process , the Flemish Community from and the French Community from In the Flemish Community, bachelor's degrees may be either academic or professional.
These degrees last three years, and may be followed in both cases by a more advanced bachelor-na-bachelor diploma, lasting one year c.
In the French Community, universities award grade de bachelier 3 years as the equivalent of bachelor's degrees. Most universities and colleges in Croatia today offer a three-year bachelor program, which can be followed up typically with a two-year master's graduate program.
Academies that specialize in the arts , e. Historically, the baccalareus was the undergraduate degree awarded to students who graduated from the course of trivium grammar , dialectic and rhetoric at a faculty of liberal arts either at the Charles University or at the University of Olomouc.
It was a necessary prerequisite to continue either with the faculty of liberal arts quadrivium leading to a master's degree and further to a doctoral degree or to study at one of the other three historical faculties—law, medicine or theology.
The vast majority of undergraduate programmes offered in the Czech Republic have a standard duration of three years. In the Czech tertiary education system, most universities and colleges today offer a three-year bachelor program, which can be followed up typically with a two-year master's graduate program.
Some specializations, such as doctors of medicine and veterinary doctors, hold exceptions from the general system in that the only option is a six-year master's program with no bachelor stage graduate with title doctor.
This is due mainly to the difficulty of meaningfully splitting up the education for these specialisations. The bachelor's degree was re-introduced at universities in Denmark in , after the original degree baccalaureus was abandoned in The bachelor's degree is awarded after three or four years of study at a university and follows a scheme quite similar to the British one.
Two bachelor's degrees are given at the university level today:. However, both in the business and the academic world in Denmark, the bachelor's degree is still considered to be "the first half" of a master's candidatus.
It is often not considered a degree in its own right,  despite the politicians' best attempts to make it more accepted. The bachelor's degree has also been used since the late s in a number of areas like nursing and teaching.
These professional bachelor's degrees do grant access to some university master's program. These professional bachelor's degrees are considered to be a full education.
Bachelor's degrees in the Faroe Islands are much the same as in Denmark. The traditional bachelor's degree is the equivalent of the French Licence three-year degree.
Since the new European system of LMD Bologna process was founded, it has become standard to recognize a bachelor's degree over three years with a licence degree, a master's degree over five years, and a doctorate over eight years.
Some private institutions are however literally naming their degrees bachelor , but none of them are accredited by the French State. Historically, the bachelor's degree, called " Bakkalaureus ", existed in Germany since the late Middle Ages.
But it was abolished by the educational reforms undertaken in The Abitur degree — the final degree received in school after a specialized 'college phase' of two years — replaced it, and universities only awarded graduate degrees.
The magister degree, a graduate degree, was awarded after five years of study. In , a second graduate degree, the diplom , was introduced when the technische hochschulen TH received university status.
With the introduction of the universities of applied sciences , a shortened version of the latter, referred to as Diplom FH and designed to take three to four years, was phased in between and However, in , in order to comply with the European Bologna process , a new educational law reintroduced the bachelor's degree first degree after three years of study in Germany.
Today, these degrees can be called either " Bakkalaureus " or "bachelor" in accordance with federal law , but the English term is more common. According to the Bologna model, the bachelor is followed by the post-graduate master's degree of another two years.
The traditional degrees of diplom and magister were mostly abolished in , although the diplom still persists in a few subjects and universities and has been reintroduced as alternative degree in some places.
The traditional degrees have been re-mapped to the new European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System ECTS point system to make them comparable to the new bachelor's degree.
Traditional and Bologna process degrees are ranked as follows in Germany:. It is earned after four to six years of undergraduate studies, depending on the field, and is a first cycle qualification in the Bologna Process with or more ECTS credits.
The old four-, five-, or six-year laurea system was discontinued in the early s as per the Bologna process , with some exceptions such as law school or medical school.
The bachelor's degree, called "laurea triennale" three-year degree or simply " laurea ", takes three years to complete note that Italian students graduate from high school at age 19 and grants access to graduate degrees known as " laurea magistrale ".
In order to graduate, students must earn credits ECTS and write a thesis for which students have to elaborate on an argument under the supervision of a professor generally from three to eight ECTS.
Graduation marks go from 66 to In the Netherlands, the bachelor's degree was introduced in with the change of the Dutch degree system due to the European Bologna process.
Until that time, the Dutch universities did not have a Bachelor level degree although the Candidate's diploma existed till , which was more-or-less of the same level.
Prior to the Dutch degree system change a single program at the university comprised the same course load as the bachelor's and master's programs together which led to the doctorandus degree or for legal studies to the "Meester in de rechten" and engineering to " Ingenieur ".
In , with the introduction of the Bachelor's master's doctorate system , the single 4 or 5-year program at Dutch universities has been changed and split into a 3-year program leading to the bachelor's degree and a subsequent a 1 or 2-year program leading to the Master's degree.
Those who had already started the doctorandus program could, upon completing it, opt for the doctorandus degree before their name, abbreviated to 'drs.
Since these graduates do not have a separate bachelor's degree which is in fact — in retrospect — incorporated into the program , the master's degree is their first academic degree.
Former degrees included:. While the titles ing. It is still allowed to use the traditional titles. Whether a bachelor's degree is granted by a hogeschool or university is highly relevant since these parallel systems of higher education have traditionally served somewhat different purposes, with the vocational colleges mainly concentrating on skills and practical training.
A BA or BSc from a university grants "immediate" entry into a master's program. Moreover, this is usually considered a formality to allow students to switch to foreign universities master's programs.
Meanwhile, those having completed a HBO from a vocational college, which represented the highest possible level of vocational education available, can only continue to a "master's" on completion of a challenging year of additional study, which in itself can serve as a type of selection process, with the prospective MSc students being required to cover a great deal of ground in a single year.
Recently, HBO vocational master's degrees have been introduced in the Netherlands. They may use an M followed by the field of specialization e.
This year of study to "convert" from the vocational to academic WO — wetenschappelijk onderwijs , literally "scientific education" is also known as a "bridge" or "premasters" year.
Note that despite the use of the terminology "university of applied science" the higher vocational colleges are not considered to be "universities" within the Netherlands.
Important aspects of Dutch bachelor's degree courses and others relative to some of those offered abroad include:. In February, , the Dutch State Secretary of Education decided to adhere to the recommendations written in a report by the Veerman Commission.
In the near future, the distinction between academic and higher vocational degrees will disappear. The existing academic degree granted with a diploma was transformed into a baccalaureus bachelor's degree.
The universities usually award a bachelor's degree after three years following which, a master's degree will be two years long or four years following which, a master's degree will be one year long.
There are some exceptions, for example physiotherapy. Norwegian bachelor's degrees are either programme bachelor's degrees or elective bachelor's degrees.
In Poland, the licentiate degree corresponds to the bachelor's degree in Anglophone countries. In Polish, it is called licencjat.
To obtain the licencjat degree, one must complete three years of study. After that, the student can continue education for 2 or 1.
Presently, the Portuguese equivalent of a bachelor's degree is the licenciatura , awarded after three years of study four in some few cases at an accredited university or polytechnical institution.
It is an undergraduate first study cycle program which is, in most cases, not required to advance into further studies such as master's degree programs.
It required three years of study, being roughly equivalent to the present licenciatura. At that time, the licenciatura referred to a licentiate 's degree equivalent to the present master's degree , which required usually five years of study.
A licenciatura could also be obtained by performing two years of study after obtaining a bacharelato.
Today, the former and current licenciatura degrees are referred in Portugal, respectively, as pre-Bologna and post-Bologna licenciaturas.
The degree can be compared both to the bachelor's and master's degree. After the bakalavr degree usually four years , one can earn a master's degree another one or two years while preserving the old five-year specialist scheme.
In Spain, due to the ongoing transition to a model compliant with the Bologna agreement , exact equivalents to the typical Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree and master's degree are being implemented progressively.
The official first-cycle degrees are comparable in terms of duration, scope, and educational outcomes to an Anglo-Saxon bachelor's degree.
The Swedish equivalent of a bachelor's degree is called kandidatexamen. It is earned after three years of studies, of which at least a year and a half in the major subject.
A thesis of at least 15 ECTS credits must be included in the degree. As part of the [Bologna process], Sweden aligned the length of its undergraduate and graduate programmes.
Previously, there was a Bachelor of Law degree juris kandidat which required 4. Similarly, the graduate engineering degree previously known as Civilingenjör was 4.
Like Austria and Germany, Switzerland did not have a tradition of bachelor's and master's degrees. In , after the application of the Bologna process, bachelor's and graduate master's degrees replaced the old degrees.
As of [update] , certificates of equivalence are issued by the university that issued the original degree. Currently three to four years of study are required to be awarded a bachelor's degree.
A master's degree will require another two to three years of coursework and a thesis. There are institutions which award bachelor's degrees in almost every city in Turkey.
They all grant bachelor of arts or science degrees upon completion of an eight-semester course. There are opportunities to undertake a double major.
Some universities allow ordinary degree students to transfer to an honours degree course in the same subject if an acceptable standard is reached after the first or second year of study, known in Turkish as a "Önlisans Mezunu".
The bachelor's degree is the standard undergraduate degree in the United Kingdom, with the most common degrees being the bachelor of arts BA and bachelor of science BSc.
Most bachelor's degree courses apart from the very rare postgraduate awards, and those in medicine , dentistry and veterinary science lead to honours degrees , with ordinary degrees generally only being awarded to those who do not meet the required pass mark for an honours degree.
With the exception of the postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science, UK bachelor's degrees whether honours or non-honours are first cycle end of cycle qualifications under the Bologna Process.
Postgraduate bachelor's degrees and bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are second cycle end of cycle qualifications.
Some bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science offer intercalated degrees en route to the final qualification. Bachelor's degrees should not be confused with baccalaureate qualifications, which derive their name from the same root.
In the UK, baccalaureate qualifications, e. International Baccalaureate , Welsh Baccalaureate , English Baccalaureate , are gained at secondary schools rather than being degree-level qualifications.
Until the 19th century, a bachelor's degree represented the first degree in a particular faculty, with Arts representing undergraduate study, thus the Bachelor of Civil Law BCL at Oxford and the Bachelor of Laws LLB at Cambridge, for example, were postgraduate degrees.
Vestiges of this system still remain in the ancient universities, with Oxford and Cambridge awarding BAs for undergraduate degrees in both arts and sciences although both award undergraduate BTh degrees through associated theological colleges , and Oxford awards BFA degrees in addition to the BA and defining other bachelor's degrees e.
In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, bachelor's degrees usually take three years of study to complete, although courses may take four years where they include a year abroad or a placement year.
Degrees may have titles related to their broad subject area or faculty, such as BA or BSc, or may be more subject specific e.
BEng or LLB. The majority of bachelor's degrees are now honours degrees , although this has not always been the case historically. Although first degree courses are usually three years credits , direct second year entry is sometimes possible for students transferring from other courses or those who have completed foundation degrees , via accreditation of prior learning or more formal credit transfer arrangements.
Some universities compress the three-year course into two years by teaching for a full calendar year credits rather than a standard academic year credits , thus maintaining the full credit extent of the course.
In addition to bachelor's degrees, some institutions offer integrated master's degrees as first degrees in some subjects particularly in STEM fields.
These integrate teaching at bachelor's and master's level in a four-year five-year if with industrial experience course, which often shares the first two years with the equivalent bachelor's course.
The normal academic standard for bachelor's degrees in England, Wales and Northern Ireland is the honours degree.
These are normally classified into one of four classes of honours, depending upon the marks gained in examinations and other assessments:.
Some institutions have announced that they intend to replace this system of classifying honours degrees with an American-style Grade Point Average.
Completion of just the first two years of the course can lead to a Diploma of Higher Education and completion of only the first year to a Certificate of Higher Education.
On the Framework for Higher Education Qualifications, standard undergraduate bachelor's degrees with and without honours are at level 6, although the courses include learning across levels 4 to 6.
Honours degrees normally require credits with a minimum of 90 at level 6, while ordinary degrees need credits with a minimum of 60 at level 6.
Bachelor's degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary science are at level 7, with learning spanning levels 4 to 7, and are not normally credit rated.
The Diploma of Higher Education is a level 5 second year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 5; The Certificate of Higher Education is a level 4 first year of bachelor's degree qualification and requires credits, a minimum of 90 at level 4.
At Scottish universities, bachelor's degrees and the equivalent Scottish MA awarded by some institutions are normally honours degrees , taking four years of study or five with a year abroad or in industry , but may also be ordinary degrees also known as pass , general or designated degrees requiring three years of study.
As in the rest of the UK, integrated master's degrees , taking five years in Scotland, are also offered as first degrees alongside bachelor's degrees.
An honours degree may be directly linked to professional or vocational qualifications, particularly in fields such as engineering, surveying and architecture.
These courses tend to have highly specified curricula, leaving students without many options for broader study. Others, following a more traditional route, start off with a broad range of studies across the faculty that has admitted the student or, via modular study, across the whole university.
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